airport
airport

Basic essentials that make up an Airport fully functional

Bad weather leads to flight cancellation, that’s the only thing we know about delay in airlines service. The rain water surrounded around flights makes them non-operational and has been brought to the notice of the authorities. Is that the only thing which makes the airport non-functional? No. There are several other factors which is creating huge tense for the airport authorities.

Nature disfigured God’s Own country.

The whole of India is helping the flood affected people in Kerala and everyone is hoping that Kerala will stand on its feet again. PM Modi announced an advance assistance fund of Rs.600 crores to Kerala. But, the rescue efforts & donations across the globe is still not enough for the Kerala to get even a partially recovery.

What are the components in Airport?

i) Runway

As we know, a runway is where the airplanes lands & takes off. The entire runway is a flat road which is secured & cleaned away from any tiny particles. Airport staffs will always keep an eye & they clean it off frequently as there may contain paper waste, stones and even screws/nuts which might have dropped down from aircraft related parts.

There are different kinds of marking in the runway and during the night time, there are special lighting which help the pilots to land/take off air crafts safely. So many factors decide the direction of the runway design, which is more similar to the wind direction. Based on the traffic of the airport, there will be more than one runway. Ex: in biggest airports like Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi has 3 Runways where some of the runways are the longest in the world.

The runways are usually made up of Bitumen (Traditional Hydrocarbon Tar) & some are Concrete. The width of the runway depends of the type of aircrafts landing in the airport plus the direction of landing as well as the temperature & takeoff height.

Also there are different kinds of runways like single runways, two runways, parallel runways, hexagonal runways & some are 45degrees/60 degrees runways.

ii) Terminal building

This is the place where we have spent most of our times while boarding & de-boarding a flight. The entire administration department of airport functions here by doing ticket distribution/checking, security checks of flight passengers pre/post journey, IT-systems & the baggage screening. As we see, there will be cafes & waiting halls. The single largest terminal building is in Dubai (terminal 3) which can occupy more than 60million+ passengers at once.

Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi has one of the Asia’s biggest airport terminals. Its terminal-3 is a 9 story building with 78 gates, 168 check-in counters, 95 immigration counters. And it has 800 flight information display boards supported with 8000 speakers as well.

It also has 100 room hotels with spacious interiors. Also it has its own Delhi metro station. And battery powered vehicles are fully operating to provide convenience for the passengers to move between terminals. Indira Gandhi Airport is also recognized by Airports Council International (ACI) as the world’s well maintained airport with best for service quality.

Airport Authority of India (AAI) spends most of its budget in the maintenance of such terminal buildings. It directly manages 125 airports in India and employs thousands of professionals where most of them are for this airport terminal area.

 iii) Hanger

This is the most important place in airport, which we may also consider as a workshop for aircrafts. This hanger is connected to Taxiway (side roads in runways) where the aircrafts will be moved directly when there is a need for a service (or) repair.  In order to provide more comfortable transport of airplanes, its shed uses steel frames & occupies large area.

iv) Apron

Just like car parking space, Apron is termed as the parking place for aircrafts which functions to do loading & unloading operations. It’s location in the airport is commonly designed in front of the terminal building and adjoins the hangers. Clearance area in this Apron is provided very clearly for hassle free bypassing between the aircrafts.

v) Control Tower

With the help of radio signals & Radar device, the control tower monitors & controls the landing & takes off for all the. It communicates directly with the pilot about the runway/airport traffic, routes for landing, visibility area, speed of wind & directions etc.,

vi) Taxiway

Taxiways are connecting roads which connects the terminal building, hanger, apron with the runways. To change the aircraft from one runway to another, bigger airports lays these taxiways at an angle of 30 degrees for smooth navigation & the radius of turning will be kept 1.5 times bigger than its actual size.

vii) Parking

There will be a mandatory parking place area is built on all the airports to avoid congestion inside the city where the vehicles of passengers, visitors & airport staff is parked. It is usually located outside the terminal building (or) sometimes underground of the terminal building.

The above things clearly states, why Kochi airport is unable to function properly. There are so many operational things got severely damaged due to the unstoppable drastic rain.

 Recovery materials through Flights

To participate in the Kerala’s flood relief efforts, many airlines has waived off their charges on cancellation & rescheduling flights. Several tons of Relief materials were carried by popular airlines like Indigo, Vistara & Jet Airways.

UAE donated more than 175 tonnes of relief materials through their Emirates Airways. Several other airlines also supported by providing their disaster management experts & doctors for free of cost. Private Airlines played an important role in this huge recovery material delivering process at such huge speed which kept the air connectivity high when other roads & rail tracks were hugely affected by floods.

Road to recovery is too long

Chief Minister of Kerala, Mr. Pinarayi Vijayan says that PM Modi has announced to provide even more funds which is been informed to the state governor. But still CM feels that the road to recovery of entire Kerala is so long & he thanked all the supports provided so far from Politicians, Film stars, Artists & every common people who contributed their best to Kerala.

200 crores – estimated loss in Kochi Airport

Kochi Airport is flooded and became like a mini dam when the rain showed its irresistible game. After severe floods, Kochi Airport was shut down from 15th August. It was scheduled to be reopened by 26th August. But still it is not ready & the date postponed to 29th August.

Reasons behind Reopening Delay

Many of the airlines running through Kochi airport is already diverted to Trivandrum & Kozhikode. As per naval force proposals, some flights diverted to Kochi Naval Base which is temporarily opened for civilians where the security equipments from Trivandrum has been shifted.

Airport authorities of Kochi international airport stated that, Due to the water ingress, 800 lights fixed in the runways damaged defaced totally and 2Km of periphery walls were also collapsed which in turn blighted the entire airport’s power storage equipments & expensive electrical circuits. Adding extra pains to this, the taxi bay, duty free shops & other terminals got submerged. As per officials approximate estimate, there would be an enormous loss of more than Rs.220 crore.

55% of the overall traffic in Kochi airport is international passenger. Now, within such 12-15 days of stopping this airport functions already caused 27+ crores of revenue loss. Also, other revenues like goods & operations were also affected which in turn results for loss of more than 12 crores.

Officials informed that, Kochi airport will resume its operations by that said 29th August but still doubtful when it becomes fully operational. Until then airlines uses other re-directed routes which is expensive for them as well.

Where are the Kochi Airport Operators?

Airport authorities from Kochi international airport expressed their difficulties on managing the manpower for Kochi Airport recovery. The main reason is that, over 90% of employees & other support staffs families were affected directly by the floods which made them to move away from Kochi. They further stated, “Bringing back such huge manpower to work is not an easy task to them.”

Also, the nearby hotels, restaurants were also not re-opened because of drainage water overflowed in those areas. Hence, logistics of all kind of materials especially of catering one is such as big work for airport authorities to make Kochi Airport fully functional.

Being an international airport, they might have lot of recovery plans as well when this kind of disaster happens unconditionally. Many trained professionals are working in the airport to manage such disaster. But, still they are not able to make the airport fully functional and facing big losses daily.

The reason is so simple; there is a big shortage in airport maintenance staffs & hospitality management professional which creates a huge impact for these recovery processes. Even though, they have greatest plan to involve in the rescue of airport equipments, they failed miserably because of the shortage of employees.

Demand for Hospitality & Customer Service in Airports

Globally, the Aviation hospitality & customer service department is the heart of the airport. The pace of Indian aviation industry is quite enormous than you think & it is about to employ more than 1.3crores of professionals before 2022. There is a huge demand for such trained professionals to fill those jobs.

There are thousands of openings right now across India for those who completed Diploma in Aviation, Hospitality & Customer Support. Indian aviation industry becomes the 3rd largest in the world before 2020. Students completing this diploma course have biggest opportunity to work in domestic & international airports and in various airlines.

Course Details: Diploma in Aviation & Hospitality Management

This is one of the hottest career-building diploma courses where you have wide range of job opportunities already opened across India. When there is a huge competition in other sectors like Information technology or business management it is wiser to choose this domain for your career. And it is one of the evergreen sector since the number of first time flight users are increasing day by day. New airlines are about to getting started.

Indian tourism sector is growing in such a high speed where the current tourism industry contributes Rs.15.24 trillion to India’s GDP which is rising to Rs.32.05 trillion by 2028. Another interesting statistics from IBEF states that the foreign tourist arrivals are increasing by 7.1% every year. India is globally recognized as the best destination for spiritual tourism for all kind of tourists.


Thereby, lot of international hotel chains are getting increased inside the airport terminals and billions of foreign investments are already happening in India’s Hospitality management industry.

During the course you will be trained on the modules like aviation, airport handling, hospitality in terminal buildings, customer support in check-in counters, business English, engaging the community, personality development etc.,

Career roles after this diploma course involve Airport Councilors, Customer analyst, Customer service manager, Fares & ticketing officer, Beverages Maintenance Admin, F&B Manager, Foreign exchange or sales, Guest relationship officer, Sales manager & more.

High Quality Customer service is the most important task in all the above roles hence candidates will be rigorously trained on the importance of passenger services, customer service & its benefits, destination based quality services, recovering from service failures, providing the satisfactory services to the customers which in turn helps gaining more social media attention.

Diploma in hospitality & aviation course is offered by several institutions across India which has an innovative curriculum designed to attain global relevancy & evolving trends in this domain. These creative courses also provide rigorous training in International grooming and its benefits for company reputation.

Industry exposure training will also be provided where they can learn the category of works and how to manage them at real-time. All the classroom sessions were handled by industry an expert who has hands on experience in the aviation industry.

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